Learn About Your Marsy’s Law Rights

Welcome to the Crime Victims Rights Toolkit

The Crime Victims Rights Toolkit serves as a self-help resource for crime victims. The Toolkit is designed to help victims of Ohio and federal crimes understand and exercise their rights. If a crime victim is having difficulty exercising his or her rights, he or she may contact the Ohio Crime Victim Justice Center immediately to request assistance.

There are two primary ways that victims and advocates for victims can use the Crime Victims Rights Toolkit.

Whether the victim uses the “Research Database” or the “Create A Case” and "View My Case" tools, this information will be returned by phase of the criminal justice process and the order of the information will reflect the most likely order in which the victim can expect the rights, requirements, requests, best practices or supplemental information to arise. There are five phases of the criminal justice process: Hospital, Investigation, Prosecution, Post-Conviction, and things that apply throughout all of these stages (“Throughout the Process”).

Research

First, victims who do not wish to enter any personal information may research their rights by clicking on the “Research Database” tab. Victims will be prompted to enter some information about themselves and the nature of the crime they have been affected by. The system will then return a specialized listing of all rights, requirements, requests, best practices and supplemental information that apply to the victim based upon the selections the victim made in the brief questionnaire. The victim should note that the accuracy of results depends entirely on the accuracy of the information the victim provides.

Research

 

Create a Case and View My Case

Second, victims who wish to have more individualized results, logged in users who wish to track their case timelines, and victims who wish to use the request-your-rights letter generator, may do so by clicking on the “Create a Case” tab, and subsequently, the "View My Case" tab. Victims will be prompted to answer a series of specific questions regarding information about themselves, the offender, and the crime. Victims will then be able to view a list of all applicable rights (select “All Applicable Rights”) that apply to them, and produce letters to request certain rights by selecting “Request Your Rights.” The victim should note that the accuracy of results depends entirely on the accuracy of the information the victim provides. 

Register or Login

Categories Defined

Right

Constitutional, statutory or regulatory provisions that contain mandatory language imposing a duty that must be carried out.  In other words, the actions or outcomes described "shall" or "must" occur.

Requirement

Constitutional, statutory or regulatory provisions that contain mandatory language imposing a duty that must be carried out.  In other words, the actions or outcomes described "shall" or "must" occur, but the victim cannot enforce the obligation.

Best Practice

Constitutional, statutory or regulatory provisions that contain aspirational language describing an optimal outcome or process that should be carried out.  In other words, the actions or outcomes described "should" occur.  The victim cannot enforce the obligation.

Request

Constitutional, statutory or regulatory provisions that contain language describing a possible outcome or process that could be carried out.  In other words, the actions or outcomes described "could" or "may" occur, usually at the sole discretion of a third party.  These must be requested, and while they cannot be "violated," they can either be honored or denied.

Supplemental Information

Constitutional, statutory or regulatory provisions that contain informational language describing processes or available resources.  These cannot be requested using the toolkit and any potential violations will not be tracked.

Definition

Used to define relevant information, such as a legal term.